When we are reproached with cruelty, we wonder how people can forget the most elementary Marxism. A n old Soviet joke poses the question: What was the most important world-historical event of the year ? Answer: Lenin was five years old. The point of the joke, of course, is that the Soviets virtually deified Lenin. Lenin lives! Lenin will live!
Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays by Louis Althusser | LibraryThing
Socialism is both an economic system and an ideology in the non-pejorative sense of that term. A socialist economy features social rather than private ownership of the means of production. It also typically organizes economic activity through planning rather than market forces, and gears production towards needs satisfaction rather than profit accumulation. Socialist ideology asserts the moral and economic superiority of an economy with these features, especially as compared with capitalism. More specifically, socialists typically argue that capitalism undermines democracy, facilitates exploitation, distributes opportunities and resources unfairly, and vitiates community, stunting self-realization and human development. Socialism, by democratizing, humanizing, and rationalizing economic relations, largely eliminates these problems. Socialist ideology thus has both critical and constructive aspects.
Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays by Louis Althusser (1971, Trade Paperback)
While looking at the background information on the Russian revolution and the change to a Communist state in Russia, we have already touched on many of the curriculum's remaining questions, but we will now examine them in more detail. Following the Bolshevik Revolution, Lenin and his new communist government initiated many reforms. They took land from the Tsar, the church, nobles and other landlords, and redistributed it among the peasants in order to reform the agricultural sector and reward the peasants for their loyalty during the Revolution. Labour conditions were improved with working hours limited to a maximum of eight hours a day, and forty hours a week.
Martin Buber was a prominent twentieth century philosopher, religious thinker, political activist and educator. Buber was also an important cultural Zionist who promoted Jewish cultural renewal through his study of Hasidic Judaism. He recorded and translated Hasidic legends and anecdotes, translated the Bible from Hebrew into German in collaboration with Franz Rosenzweig, and wrote numerous religious and Biblical studies. He advocated a bi-national Israeli-Palestinian state and argued for the renewal of society through decentralized, communitarian socialism.