A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study. Fink, Arlene. Fourth edition. A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.
The Literature Review | A Complete Step-by-Step Guide
Published on 22 February by Shona McCombes. Revised on 9 June A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research. Conducting a literature review involves collecting, evaluating and analysing publications such as books and journal articles that relate to your research question. There are five main steps in the process of writing a literature review:. Table of contents Why write a literature review?
Use this template to create your own synthesis matrix to use as you read and synthesize the literature related to your topic. When writing a literature review, your objective is to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge about your topic. Throughout the research process, you will identify a variety of resources that reveal what is known, and what is not known, about the issue described in your research question. As you complete your reading, you'll come across a number of ideas presented by different authors.
Taxonomies are part of our daily life and this is particularly apparent today. The explosion in the volume of information and knowledge available though information technology and especially through the internet today has made it more urgent than ever to adopt systems, processes, and technology to organise this information. While one of the first large organised catalogues was created by Callimachus at the library in Alexandria in Egypt, during the 3rd to 1st centuries BC Malafsky, , modern taxonomies were the result of the dispute between two biologists.