He could not keep up with the same spending levels after being pressured from military spending. In the Berlin Wall fell and a year after Germany was reunited; other European countries adopted democracy. In , Beijing students demonstrated for freedom of speech and a greater voice in the government; Chinese leaders to order the military to slaughter the unarmed students. The Iran-Contra Affair refers to the event in which Iranian terrorists took Americans hostage which provoked President Reagan to call for military arms against Iran but later on, he sold the arms in exchange for the release of the hostages and profits went to Nicaragua.
Dada existed in six main cities, Zurich, New York, Berlin, Cologne, Hanover and Paris, this happened mainly because the war directly influenced where artist worked. The two main cities of Dada were Zurich and New York. Dada originated in Switzerland founded by German, Romanian and French refugees fleeing World War 1, as a result of being exposed to the horrors of war, these artists sought a fresh perspective and concentrated its ant-war politics through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works. Dada thought that reason and logic had caused the war this is why they rejected logic and embraced anarchy and irrationality. The Cabaret Voltaire was established in the Hollandische Meierei a popular tavern located in Zurich Switzerland, it was the birth place of Dada and was opened on February 5th by Hugo Ball and his wife Emmy Hennings. They put on a variety of shows in relation to expressing their disgust with the war and what inspired it, breaking down all stereotypical and bourgeois values, all past ideals which to them had a great influence in causing the war, they created a contradiction and a counter logic in the world of arts and entertainment and expressionism. Artists and permanent guest gave musical or literary performances, comprising of spoken word, chaotic dance and musicals and unusual poetry reading, their expressions of art and music mirrored the anarchy of World War 1.
The most energetic of these movements was "dada. The dadaists would take everyday objects and present them as if they were finished works of art. All New York is dada, and will not tolerate a rival. Surrealism was a movement dedicated to political and personal liberation. Critically examine this statement with reference to the work of at least three photographers.
Dadism is a multiple, anti-art movement resulting from the social and psychological dislocations of World War 1. As a movement Dadaism is important for freeing up artistic expression and forms, as well as for being a generating influence on surrealism. Throughout dada's history there was many different meanings and forms that developed in the four main dada centres. Dada developed firstly in Zurich and New York in then long after spread to Germany where it had four different centres Berlin, Hanover and Cologne , and then saw the ends of it in Paris. Even though not expressed in books and so on Dada influenced many other cities and areas.