Effects of military noise on wildlife a literature review
That old expression, "the early bird gets the worm," turns out to be truer than ever in urban settings today. In fact, recent studies are finding that some birds in noisy environments have taken to singing at night in order to be heard over the din of the city Fuller et al. In general, a growing number of studies indicate that animals, like humans, are stressed by noisy environments Shannon et al. The endangered Sonoran pronghorn avoids noisy areas frequented by military jets; female frogs exposed to traffic noise have more difficulty locating the male's signal; gleaning bats avoid hunting in areas with road noise Barber et al. When these effects are combined with other stressors such as winter weather, disease, and food shortages, sound impacts can have important implications for the health and vitality of wildlife populations within a park Ware et al. These findings are especially significant because national parks are under increasing noise pressure.
Evidence of the environmental impact of noise pollution on biodiversity: a systematic map protocol
Human noise pollution is disrupting parks and wild places
Robert A. May 1, , Gen. Order 17 develops and infuses innovative technologies to provide excellent facilities and realistic training lands for the Department of Defense DOD. An adequate infrastructure and realistic training lands are critical assets to installations in carrying out their military mission.
As transportation networks expand and urban areas grow, noise from sources such as vehicle engines is spreading into remote places. Human-caused noise has consequences for wildlife , entire ecosystems and people. It reduces the ability to hear natural sounds, which can mean the difference between life and death for many animals , and degrade the calming effect that we feel when we spend time in wild places.
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