Open defecation is the human practice of defecating outside "in the open" rather than into a toilet. People may choose fields, bushes, forests, ditches, streets, canals or other open space for defecation. They do so either because they do not have a toilet readily accessible or due to traditional cultural practices. Even if toilets are available, behavior change efforts may still be needed to promote the use of toilets. This can happen, for example, after community-led total sanitation programs have been implemented. Open defecation can pollute the environment and cause health problems and diseases.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has increased access to toilets and reduced open defecation in India but not to the extent that the government claims, shows a study. If these numbers sound too good to be true, they are most likely to be quite off the mark. However, the RICE survey found the proportion of rural households with toilets lagging in all the three states. The difference is particularly stark in the case of Bihar, the survey of 1, households in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan shows.
Bounsy cleaning her toilet. In Bokeo Province, Plan International Laos has been working with community members to increase their understand about the importance of using toilets and good sanitation and hygiene practices. Although the Lao government provided communities with a water system and materials to construct toilets in , people in the community continued to defecate outside because they were unaware of benefits of toilets.
Dirty, disgusting, sloppy- typically, these are some of the nicer adjectives that strike us when we are reminded of an Indian public toilet. Normally, public washrooms are built under a tight budget and their construction tends to be highly economical. The materials used for construction such as tiles, paint, waterproofing finishes, and fittings such as WCs, urinals, basins, taps are hence of nominal quality. Undoubtedly, these factors accelerate the depreciation of the space.