It has parallels to the same author's story " The Zahir " revised in , continuing the theme of self-reference and attempting to abandon the terribly infinite, and to his story " The Library of Babel " about an infinite library. The story was first published in , in Spanish, as the last of 13 stories in a book of the same name. An unnamed narrator is visited by a tall Scots Bible-seller, who presents him with a very old cloth-bound book that he bought in India from an Untouchable. The book is emblazoned with the title "Holy Writ," below which title is emblazoned "Bombay,"  but is said to be called "The Book of Sand" He trades a month of his pension and a prized "Wiclif Bible"  for the book and hides it on a bookshelf behind his copy of One Thousand and One Nights.
# LITERATURE /// Libro de Arena (The Book of Sand) by Jorge Luis Borges
The book of sand by Ralph Suyat
W hen I was young, the story went roughly as follows: the Sandman was a figure who would sprinkle sand in your eyes — either to help you sleep, or while you slept. The idea was to provide an explanation for the crust you found in the corners of your eyes in the morning. There was, granted, something slightly creepy about this, but on the whole the feeling engendered was bafflement as to why anyone would want to go round doing such a thing. Those of you who know your Freud should recognise that passage: he quotes it in full in his essay "The Uncanny", in which a meditation on Hoffmann's story forms part of his explanation for the importance of men's fear of castration, and the lengths they go to in order to displace it. You may beg to differ: many do these days when it comes to Freud. But you can judge for yourself, as the relevant section of "The Uncanny" is reprinted at the end of the book.
As infuriating as it is for the reader Ellsion had a methodical approach to writing his novel that can only be fully appreciated when one begins to examine the steps of invisibility beyond the unsettling fact that the narrator is simply that a narrator who is never named. By not having a name does the narrator become obsolete, invisible. What is even does it mean to be invisible. Is it something that is not present?
From an infinity of books to a book of infinity. Written by Borges in , the story plunges into the rather uncomfortable notion of infinity: just as the grains of sand seem to have no beginning and no end, the Book of Sand, an impossible object which can be seen at the same time as holy and devilish, is a book with no beginning and no end, magically presenting a seemingly endless multitude of pages every time it is opened. The monstrous Library thus fails to provide any justification of its existence: libraries are meant to provide access to knowledge but the Library of Babel does exactly the opposite.